What is a refugee?
How are refugee considered nowadays ?
According to the last available figures, the number of persons being of the competence of the UNHCR amounted to 10,4 million refugees at the beginning of 2011, is a light reduction with regard to the previous year.
Besides, about 4,7 million recorded refugees are taken care in about 60 camps in the Middle East by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), created in 1949 to help the uncalled-for Palestinians.
The refugees being of the skill of the UNHCR are worldwide scattered, more than half being in Asia and about 20 % in Africa. Their living conditions are extremely different, some living in camps and well established collective centers and others in makeshift shelters even outdoor.
More than half taken refuge population being of the competence of the UNHCR lives in big and average cities. Three possible solutions appear at all the refugees: the repatriation, the on-the-spot integration or the reinstallation.
In Black Africa, these refugees and moved meet everywhere, in the East as on the West or in the center of the continent. Always, according to the H.C.R United Nations, seven countries on ten more important country of origin of the refugees were African. It is a question: of Liberia, Sudan, Somalia, Rwanda, Eritrea, Angola and Sierra-Léonne,which we can add both Congo today. These refugees are persons who are afraid, with good reason, of being persecuted, because of their race, of their ethnic group, of their religion, of their nationality, of their membership in a social group, or of their political beliefs.
Which can be reasons why the refugees were taken in such a situation?
The reasons having brought them in such situations can be a situation of war, famine, the governmental system of the country ; it can also be for moral or physical reasons . From other parts the refugees leave their countries because of weather conditions as for example the heat which is going to pull of bad harvests, diseases were owed in lacks of water. Everything the countries where, the climate is dry are concerned by these refugees' waves.
Why they leave to live in other country?
The refugees want to live in other countries because their situation is much better than that of their country of origin, the refugees want to go developed countries. Some countries as the UK help the refugees, it helps them to have a work, it welcomes them during four years, they do not need papers, so the refugees are going to turn in countries as this one.
Furthermore in developed countries the weather and political conditions are more stable than in their country. After also, in these countries they will not be persecuted for their religion, their pigmentation or still for their culture